by Gerald Cameron
The Grinding Gear
Published by LotFP Publishing
Written by James Edward Raggi IV
Art by Laura Jalo
16 page b&w saddle-stitched softcover with three unbound covers, 6" x 8.5"
£10.00 / $11.95 ($6 PDF)
The Grinding Gear is a module for older (pre- 3rd, arguably
pre-2nd) editions of Dungeons & Dragons and modern "retroclone"
games like Labyrinth Lord or Swords & Wizardry. It is set
in and around an abandoned tavern that was a waypoint for adventuring
groups on their way to the untamed frontier. Once its owner - who had no
heir - passed away it was abandoned, and now it is, in an ironic twist,
a part of the frontier and an adventuring site itself.
Little Tomb of Horrors
The Grinding Gear is an example of the much-debated "deathtrap
dungeon" subgenre. Despite their notoriety, deathtrap dungeons have not
been put into print all that often. Other than the love-it or hate-it
Tomb of Horrors, I can't even think of an example that has been
printed anywhere except magazines. The Grinding Gear is even more
noteworthy, though, because it is a deathtrap dungeon for lower
(1st-4th) level groups.
If anyone was going to publish this kind of dungeon, it was bound to be
Raggi. He is the editor and publisher of Green Devil Face, a zine
devoted entirely to old school traps and tricks, and a vocal advocate
(on his blog and various old school forums) of Dungeons & Dragons
as a test of player skill. As you might expect from this, The
Grinding Gear does not feature a lot of covered 10-foot pits.
Grinding Gear is not a funhouse of poser after poser, as so many
deathtrap dungeons are, either. It has a real, if bizarre, premise, and
it appears that Raggi did his best to work with that premise. There is
even a collection of notes explaining the logic and/or backstory of
certain elements of the adventure. In fact, I would suggest that DMs
read the module once for basic familiarity, then read the notes, and
then reread the module before running it, since you will view certain
things differently the second time around. This premise also makes
The Grinding Gear as - perhaps even more - suitable a site in a
sandbox setting as it is a set piece adventure.
Skill Vs. Fairness
One of the reasons why the RPG mainstream has moved away from this type
of adventure design is that deathtraps designed (or even DMed) by a
petty, inflexible or incompetent person can be horrific. You end up with
traps and tricks that only have one "right" way to solve every problem,
and the only indication of the solution is the DM's demented grin. While
skill checks and a focus on combat are not a cure for bad DMing, they do
give players a place to plant their flags. The fact that the flag bearer
for this style of dungeon, Tomb of Horrors, is a notoriously
difficult and vicious tournament dungeon doesn't help, either.
Nevertheless, I think there is something to the notion that a good
deathtrap, played correctly, with fair warning that such a thing is
likely to appear, can be an entertaining exercise for DM and player
alike. Unfortunately, each group's idea of fair is going to vary, so the
reader needs to know what I think is fair so they can adjust my opinion
of The Grinding Gear appropriately.
True deathtraps, including save-or-die traps, should be properly
foreshadowed or otherwise indicated. Just placing them in an out of the
way spot is a random (and harsh) punishment for wandering around.
Damaging traps can be more random, but giving players a chance to
"solve" them is more interesting. Also, beware of deathtraps that hide
behind a die roll (10d100 damage, anyone?)
Testing greed and curiosity is fair game, but traps that run directly
counter to each other (one trap that nails the greedy followed by a trap
that hits those that resist taking a treasure, for example) within the
same dungeon is foul play. In particular, I like traps that punish
overly "game-y" behavior.
I haven't played this style of game in decades, so I may have forgotten
parts of standard operating procedure in old editions of D&D that
make some traps fairer than they appear.
The Grinding Gear skirts the edge of fairness. It demands, with
limited and indirect hints, careful observation of the early portion of
the adventure and failure to be observant of the right details will
probably lead to the PCs death. Also, one misdirection players are
likely to fall leads PCs into a 1 in 6 chance of death. There is one key
that is hidden in such a way that only those used to this style of play
are likely to find it and keep it, too. It will take a bit of luck to
get away alive with the treasure, but most groups will only die because
of irrational stubbornness or gross stupidity.
Like all of LotFP's books, The Grinding Gear is published in the
European equivalent of digest size, using two columns of text on a page
and very small (8 point or so), albeit well typeset and clearly printed,
text. As a result, there is a lot more content than you would expect
from 16 A5-sized pages, but gamers that have poor eyesight would be well
advised to stick to the PDF, so that they can make sure the text is
printed at a sensible size.
There are three heavy, glossy cardstock covers that are not bound to the
main booklet, reminiscent of the covers of early edition D&D
modules. These covers feature maps, a player handout, and the
aforementioned designer's notes about certain areas of the dungeon. The
player handout also has a decorative piece of black & white art by Laura
Jalo on its reverse side. The full-color cover piece is also by Jalo.
There are only two pieces of interior art, one full-page and one a small
filler piece at the very end of the book. Like the cover pieces, they
are by Laura Jalo, whose work I have admired in all of LotFP's books. I
think her style may work better in black & white than it does on the
full-color cover, but one color piece is hardly a fair test.
Raggi writes with a distinctive voice that is pleasant, other than an
occasional defensive note when he expects readers to bridle at his "old
school" style. I have read enough of Raggi's work that I now notice some
recurring stylistic touches, which is rather rewarding. He is free to
inject some real flavor into his work, although The Grinding Gear
does not have the same moody creepiness as Death, Frost, Doom or
No Dignity in Death: the Three Brides. It is still distinctly
Raggi's handiwork, though; while he clearly walks the trail blazed
during the early years of the hobby, he has a distinct style that I like
better than the generic tone of most adventures, classic or modern.
There is also little doubt in my mind that the character that built the
dungeon is Raggi himself written into the world of The Grinding
The Grinding Gear is my least favorite LotFP module, but that is
praising with faint damn. It is well worth a look if you are curious
about deathtrap dungeons, especially since it is the only example I am
aware of aimed at low level PCs. It serves a distinctive niche, although
it is definitely a niche. Therefore, follow your instincts when it comes
to The Grinding Gear. If you do not want this kind of locale in
your sandbox, and you are not interested in learning about deathtrap
design, this adventure has little to offer. If it sounds interesting,
though, by all means buy a copy. You are unlikely to be disappointed.